2008年11月30日星期日

龍運滄桑史









在歷史上,都昆,是鮮少人知曉的古都。據說,我華族先賢南來拓荒,最早在馬來半島的登陸地,就是都昆。唐代杜佑所撰《通典》、宋代李方所著《太平御覽》等著作,屢次提及馬來半島東岸有個古都,名都昆。根據近代已故學者許雲樵氏的考證,所謂都昆既是現在的龍運Dungun。

除了歷史的記載,尚有古物的發現;在龍運鐵山不遠的Pasir Raja河域上游,挖掘到一缽4,000 枚唐朝古銅幣,鑄印著開元通寶的字眼;另外,在七、八十年代,甘榜裡也出現許多2尺直徑、高2尺左右的銅鼓。由此可見,自唐代開始,中國與都昆就已經相互往來一段相當悠久的歷史。

早期交通不發達,我華族先賢南來經商,須從海路出發。由於地理位置,丹登兩州是先輩們最先登陸的地方。尤其到了清朝末年,中國內亂,民不聊生,先賢們為謀求生路,有感於「番地」生活較好,逐漸的在此定居下來,創立事業,才有龍運後來的開發。

在四、五十年代,龍運為馬來半島東海岸有數重鎮之一,龍運縣之鐵山(Bukit Besi)是屬於縣議會管轄的一個小山鎮,以盛產鐵礦名聞遐邇。第二次世界大戰前,一批先輩由中國南下龍運,帶領一批同鄉在鐵山探鐵採礦。由於鐵山礦產資源豐富,資源的開發促進了龍運的經濟發展,一度成為登州最主要之稅收來源,促使了許多華裔從其他州屬移居龍運發展。

隨著人口的逐漸增長,不斷分化出家庭在龍運定居扎根,先賢們紛紛組織本身的會館與同鄉會,為會員、同鄉做了不少實際的福利工作。與此同時,生於斯、長於斯的第二代漸漸成長,先賢們先知先覺,深明 「十年樹木,百年樹人」教育培訓人才事業的重要,即開始萌發了建校的念頭。

於是,先賢們於1926年,創立「公立光華學校」。校址乃租借龍運河邊1間屋宇做為校舍。後於1928年遷至巴剎街1亞答木板屋,其時學生人數約為二十餘人 。其後,學生激增,董事部遂有籌建校舍之議,並獲當時埠中父老大力支持,慷慨解囊,籌得款項共計6千餘元,在各方面努力奔走之下,新校舍遂於翌年落成.。

另外值得提及與龍運開發有關的是龍運工餘俱樂部。鐵山開採鐵礦崛起之後,更多華裔同胞移居龍運,那時候龍運地方仍然落後,工餘之後沒有可供娛樂的地方。1947年,已故主席常天緒太平局紳及先賢等發起組織工餘俱樂部,以聯繫華裔同胞,加強團結。在登高一呼之下,數十人登記入會,當時會址是在舊巴剎路。

50年代,也是龍運區馬華主席,已故常天緒太平局紳以馬華的名義成功向政府申請得一片土地,由龍運工餘俱樂部集資興建一座兩層樓建築物。首任主席常天緒太平局紳,蟬聯多屆。

其他由先賢們創立歷史悠久的建築物有:照顧同鄉福利的福建會館、海南會館、天緒安老院以及先賢南來開墾蠻荒時,精神賴予寄托的宏天殿。相信除了龍運,馬來半島各城市、市鎮,從落後貧窮地區,發展至今天輝煌成就,實賴先賢們苦心擘劃,不分彼此,功不可沒。





2008年11月27日星期四

穿袈裟的不一定是和尚


连日来,假和尚行骗的消息不断见诸报端,引起市民关注。

2千多年前,佛陀座下出家弟子沿户托钵获取食物,放下心中傲慢与偏见。

2千多年后,假和尚持着托钵到处向人化缘,要的是钱。

假和尚穿起袈裟,行住坐卧具足威仪,让人看起来还真有点“佛模佛样”,我们如何识别真伪呢?

道理其实很简单,佛门中人也说干了口水:真正的出家人不会在大庭广众募捐、买卖、或向你要钱。

既然如此,那为何又有这么多人上当呢?依我见,原因不外有三。

其一是惯性思维。日前跟孩子玩脑筋急转弯的游戏,说是小明的父母生了3个孩子,老大叫大毛,老二叫二毛,那么老三叫什么?

孩子脱口而出:“三毛!”

在引起一阵哄堂之后,孩子恍然大悟,应该叫小明才对。

当然,类似的笑话不胜枚举,这就是惯性思维,人类一种自然的思维方式。

可以说,在任何时间任何场合下,这种惯性思维都会或多或少地在发挥着作用,就好像遇到穿上袈裟的就一定是和尚。

其二是一些佛教徒心中虽然怀疑,但却担心置疑出家人是一种罪过,因此随缘把一些钱放进钵里。

这种担心是因为对本身的宗教的认识有限,建议找个明师指点好好掌握自已的宗教。

其三是一些自以为聪明的佛教徒,明知是假和尚化緣,也要掏出至少红底一张,放进钵里。

他们的说法是:“我捐钱做善事,是消我的业,你骗我的钱,是积你的罪业。我不问你是不是骗子,只要你敢拿,我就敢给。”

明知来的是假和尚,却还要布施,这种态度看似行善积功德、消恶业,其实是有功利计算在內,意念并不清静。

如果有业果轮回这件事,捐钱给骗子,鼓励更多人当骗子,诸位看官,依您说,这样的恶业大不大?

2008年11月25日星期二

SMS about kidnap turned him into an accidental hero

http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2006/12/10/nation/16274824&sec=nation

KUALA TERENGGANU: He was sipping coffee at a restaurant in Dungun when an SMS came from the MCA’s Crisis Relief Squad (CRSM).

What transpired following the SMS in November about a kidnapped 11-year-old girl in Selangor turned Dungun MCA vice-chairman Choo Meh Wah into a hero of sorts.

The SMS gave the mobile number of the suspected kidnapper and said the girl had been held captive for two days either in Kelantan, Pahang or Terengganu.


CITATION FOR BRAVERY: Choo (left) receiving the commendation certificate from Wanita MCA deputy chief Datin Paduka Chew Mei Fun who was given the honour to present it on Fu’s (centre) behalf in Kuala Terengganu on Saturday.


Choo decided to dial the number and was surprised it was answered. He learnt that the man was also in Dungun.

“I was first unsure if the man was the kidnapper and decided to continue my conversation when he told me that he was from outstation,” said the 52-year-old Choo.

Choo decided to “lay a bait” and asked the man to meet him over a business plan. Both agreed to meet alone at a restaurant in Dungun.

However, he felt something amiss when the man said something about driving in a red car to the bus station “to drop someone off”.

Choo drove to the bus station and was surprised to see a man alighting from a red car with a girl and going into a Kuala Lumpur-bound bus via Kuantan.

“I at once SMS to CRSM members in Kuantan, Selangor and Kuala Lumpur.

“I contacted the Dungun police and reported about a suspected kidnapping,” he said.

While Choo and the man were meeting at the restaurant, CSRM members in Kuantan followed the bus.

The police arrived at the restaurant later and detained the man.

“The man told me that the girl was on her way to Kuala Lumpur where one of his accomplices was waiting for her,” he said

Choo said the CRSM members stopped the bus along the way and rescued the girl who was reunited with her family in Rawang. The man was handed over to Selangor police.

Choo is now heading the CSRM unit in Dungun.

He received his commendation certificate and appointment letter from Deputy Internal Security Minister Datuk Fu Ah Kiow during the launc of the CRSM Terengganu chapter here yesterday.

The CRSM was formed following the aftermath of the tsunami two years ago.

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